Can You Collect Unemployment if You Work Part-time?

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Many people think that holding a part-time job after they lose a full-time job will compromise their ability to collect unemployment benefits, but this isn't necessarily the case. You might be eligible to receive unemployment benefits even if you're currently working part-time. You might also be eligible if you've lost your part-time job.

Eligibility for partial unemployment depends on the state you work in and on your qualifying for unemployment compensation based on your employment history.

Here's information on collecting unemployment when you have a part-time job, qualifying for partial unemployment benefits, and how much compensation you can collect.

Key Takeaways

  • Partial unemployment benefits are available to workers who have lost a part-time job or who work part-time while seeking full-time employment.
  • To collect unemployment benefits, workers must meet state guidelines for eligibility. Each state has its own formula for determining eligibility for benefits.
  • Benefits are typically calculated by subtracting your earnings from your weekly benefit amount.

Unemployment Eligibility When You Work Part-time

Unemployment benefits are designed to help workers temporarily bridge an income gap caused by a loss of employment that came about due to no fault of their own. Some people find themselves with reduced hours or are only able to find part-time employment after being laid off when what they truly want—and need in order to pay their bills and remain financially solvent—is full-time work.

Partial unemployment benefits are available to encourage workers to continue to work part-time while they seek full-time work. Depending on location, they also may be available for workers who have lost part-time positions.

For example, in Pennsylvania, if you worked less than full-time and earned less than your weekly benefit amount during a week, you may be eligible for partial unemployment benefits. However, you can't be paid more than your weekly benefit amount.


Review the information on filing for unemployment compensation at CareerOneStop, and use the Unemployment Benefits Finder for information on unemployment guidelines in your state. Check the FAQ section for details on eligibility and how to apply.

You must be available for work and actively seeking employment to qualify for partial benefits. Check with your state's unemployment office for the exact information that's relevant to your situation, because requirements and benefits can vary by state.

Who Qualifies for Partial Unemployment

You would normally not qualify for partial unemployment benefits if you've scaled back your work hours for family or personal reasons. State guidelines vary though, so it's important to check with your state department of labor office for qualification criteria in your location.

  • Most states provide partial benefits to individuals whose work hours have been reduced through no fault or choice of their own—for example, when a company is sold, liquidated, or restructured.
  • Many states also cover employees who have lost their full-time jobs and have partially replaced the lost income with one or more part-time jobs. Some states even cover individuals who were working two or more part-time jobs and lost one of those jobs.
  • Workers who are not technically laid off or terminated but placed on “zero-hour schedules” are eligible for unemployment compensation in most cases, according to Andrew Stettner, a senior fellow at The Century Foundation.


Eligible workers must meet the requirements within their state for minimum earnings during the unemployment base period. They must also satisfy the minimum time-of-employment state requirements. Check with your state unemployment office for guidelines.

Each state has its own eligibility formula. For example, in Georgia, workers who have lost a full-time job, but are working part-time and earn less than their weekly benefit amount, are eligible. Workers who have lost a part-time job or whose hours are reduced also may qualify to collect unemployment.

How Partial Benefits Are Calculated

Most states calculate the total amount of your benefits by first figuring out what you would have been entitled to if you were still fully unemployed. The amount you're earning through part-time employment will usually be subtracted from this figure.

For example, in New York, you can work up to seven days a week without losing unemployment benefits for that week if you work 30 hours or fewer and earn $504 or less in gross pay, excluding earnings from self-employment. Benefits will be reduced in increments based on your total hours of work for the week, rather than on the number of days you work. 

In New Jersey, you must earn a minimum of $220 a week to be eligible for unemployment insurance benefits. Partial benefits are calculated based on the hours you work and how much you earn.

Document Your Earnings

It's important to report your weekly earnings accurately when you're working part-time and receiving unemployment benefits. It’s illegal and considered fraudulent to collect benefits to which you aren't entitled.

You'll also have to document your search for either full-time or, in some cases, part-time employment in order to continue to receive partial unemployment benefits. 

Extending Your Claim

Working part-time can extend the number of weeks you're eligible to draw benefits in some states. It can also enable you to qualify for a new claim when your benefit year ends because of your accumulated part-time earnings.

Why You Might Take a Part-Time Job

Taking a part-time job after losing your full-time position might seem like a step backward, but it may come with many benefits that could boost your career in the long run—not to mention some cash that might come in handy. You’ll probably earn more money by combining your partial unemployment benefits with income from a part-time job.

Progress Toward a Full-Time Job

Working part-time while you're collecting unemployment can be beneficial not only to your bank account, but also to your long-term job search. You'll make contacts, gain experience, and develop new skills in every job you hold, even if it’s not in your chosen field. You can use the opportunity of part-time work to explore other fields of interest or to get training and experience that would be helpful to your career goals.


The department of labor website for your state can direct you to important information that can help with your job search, including job postings, job fairs, effective job-interview preparation and techniques, and supplemental job training, education, and seminars.

Boosting Your Self-Esteem

Accepting part-time work while you seek full-time employment can also provide a psychological boost. It lends a positive focus even in the midst of a job search.

No Gaps on Your Resume

Working part-time also allows you to demonstrate a continuous work history on your resume, avoiding the possible red flag of significant gaps in employment for potential employers.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

How can I tell if I'm eligible for unemployment?

Each state has eligibility requirements to qualify for unemployment benefits, including losing your job through no fault of your own, meeting an earnings minimum, and working a certain number of weeks for a certain number of hours each week. Check with your state unemployment website for details on qualifying for unemployment in your location.

Can you apply for unemployment benefits online?

In most cases, unemployment claims can be filed on your state unemployment website. CareerOneStop has a directory of state unemployment websites where you'll find information on how to file a claim.

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The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. U.S. Department of Labor. "How Do I File for Unemployment Insurance?"

  2. Pennsylvania Office of Unemployment Compensation. "Partial Benefit Credit: Working Part-time."

  3. Business Insider. "Companies Are Putting Workers on 'Zero Hour Schedules'."

  4. Georgia Department of Labor. "Unemployment Insurance."

  5. New York State Department of Labor. "Partial Unemployment Eligibility."

  6. Official Site of the State of New Jersey. "Division of Unemployment Insurance: How We Calculate Benefits."

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