Credit Cards Credit Card Basics Billing and Payment The Consequences of Making a Late Credit Card Payment By LaToya Irby LaToya Irby Facebook Twitter LaToya Irby is a credit expert who has been covering credit and debt management for The Balance for more than a dozen years. She's been quoted in USA Today, The Chicago Tribune, and the Associated Press, and her work has been cited in several books. learn about our editorial policies Updated on June 19, 2022 Reviewed by Thomas J. Catalano Reviewed by Thomas J. Catalano Thomas J Catalano is a CFP and Registered Investment Adviser with the state of South Carolina, where he launched his own financial advisory firm in 2018. Thomas' experience gives him expertise in a variety of areas including investments, retirement, insurance, and financial planning. learn about our financial review board Sponsored by What's this? & In This Article View All In This Article Paying Your Credit Card Bill Late Late Payments and Credit Score No More Universal Default Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Photo: Maksym Belchenko / Getty Images Missing a credit card payment is a bigger deal than you might think. Your credit card company won't show up at your door, but it's definitely taking action behind the scenes. How your creditors respond to late payments can continue to affect you for months or even years. Knowing the consequences of a late credit card payment should be enough to make you make an extra effort to pay on time. What Happens When You Pay Your Credit Card Bill Late Your credit card payment is considered late if it's received after the cutoff time on the due date or if it's less than the minimum amount due. Here's what will happen if your credit card payment is late. Your creditor will charge a late fee. Your next billing statement will include a fee for the late and/or missed payments. Late fees can be as high as $40, depending on your credit card's late fee policy and whether it's your first time being late in the past six months. You'll be charged a late fee each month your payment is late or less than the minimum payment. Your interest rate will increase if your payment becomes 60 days past due. Creditors don't just penalize you with a late fee, they'll often increase your interest rate to the penalty rate, the highest interest rate on your credit card. The higher interest rate increases your finance charges, making it more expensive to carry a balance and extending the amount of time it takes to pay off your balance. Note If you make six months of on-time payments, your card issuer is required to give back your pre-penalty rate, but only for your previous balance. Depending on your credit card terms, purchases made after the penalty rate became effective may still receive the higher rate. You can also lose any promotional interest rate you had when you signed up for the card. You might not be able to cash in your rewards if your card is delinquent. Note Some credit card issuers don't apply a penalty rate. Check your credit card's terms to see a list of associated fees. The late payment is added to your credit report when your payment is more than 30 days late. An entry is added to your credit report and can stay there for seven years. If you miss the next payment, the entry will be updated to 60 days, and it will keep increasing in 30-day increments until your account is charged off after 180 days. Your credit score may drop. Because your payment history makes up 35 percent of your credit score, late payments can affect your ability to get credit in the future. How much your credit score drops after a late payment depends on the other information in your credit score. Generally, the better your credit, the more points you stand to lose. Late payments aren't reported to the credit bureau until after 30 days. So, if you're under 30 days late, you can make the payment plus the late fee and avoid any damage to your credit report or credit score. Your credit card issuer may waive the fee for an accidental late payment if you ask, and as long as the late payment was isolated. You may lose your credit card rewards. A late payment may cause you to forfeit some or all of the rewards you've accumulated. At a minimum, you may be unable to redeem rewards if your account is past due. Late payments can spiral into credit card default. By the time your account is 180 days late—that is, you've missed six payments in a row—the card issuer will typically charge off the account and write it off as a loss. The charge-off goes on your credit report and stays there for seven years. Late Payments and Your Credit Score Late payment fees and higher interest rates are just two negative results of late credit card payments. Perhaps the effect you most want to avoid is a hit to your credit score. The impact on your score depends on the other information in your credit report. A FICO Credit Problem Comparison shows that late payments affect someone with a higher credit score and no previous late payments more than someone with a lower credit score and previous late payments. We also know that: Missing one payment for one or two months won't be so bad for your credit score. Missing several payments for one or two months is worse. Missing a payment for three months just one time is just as bad as a charge-off or collection. No More Universal Default The Credit CARD Act of 2009 banned universal default, so your credit card issuer is not allowed to increase your interest rate when you are late on a payment to another credit card issuer. When late payments appear on your credit report, it is possible to remove them, but you must negotiate with the credit card company to do so. Credit card issuers are allowed to apply the penalty rate to other credit card balances you may hold with them on other credit cards, even if those payments have been made on time. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) What happens if you're just one day late on a credit card payment? A credit card payment can be considered late if it's not received by 5 p.m. on the due date unless the due date falls on a day when the lender isn't open for business, such as a holiday or a Sunday. But an exception to the holiday/Sunday rule exists if your lender is set up to receive payments electronically.Even one hour or one day is still late, and consequences like increased interest rates and late fees can apply. However, just because a credit card company can punish you for being one day late, that doesn't mean it necessarily will. You may have some leeway to negotiate what happens if you contact customer service, especially if you have never previously missed a payment. How bad is one late credit card payment? One late credit card payment isn't that bad in the grand scheme of your lifetime credit profile. The impact can depend on how late your payment is. Credit card lenders generally won't report you to the credit bureaus unless your payment is 30 days or more past due. A late payment will have worse consequences if the late payment is added to your credit report early in your life. A negative mark could do more damage to your score without an extensive credit history filled with positive marks. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Tell us why! Other Submit Sources The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Office of the Comptroller of the Currency. "Answers About Credit Card Payments and Late Payments." Discover. "What Happens If I Can't Pay My Credit Card?" Office of the Federal Register. "Safe Harbor Penalty Fees—§ 1026.52(b)(1)(ii)(A) and (B)." Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. "Truth in Lending Act—2(b)(2)(i) Fees That Exceed Dollar Amount Associated With Violation." Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. "The Card Issuer Increased My Interest Rate on My Existing Balance. Can They Do That? What Can I Do to Get the Rate Back Down?" Discover Bank. "What Does It Mean When My Credit Card is Past Due?" Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. "How to Find the Best Credit Card," Page 4. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. "I Got a Credit Card Promising No Interest for a Purchase if I Pay in Full Within 12 Months. How Does This Work?" Capital One. "Capital One Application Terms." Wells Fargo. "Wells Fargo Cash Wise Visa® Card Terms and Conditions." Experian. "When Do Late Payments Get Reported?" FICO. "Payment History." Equifax. "When Does a Late Credit Card Payment Show Up on Credit Reports?" Discover. "How to Handle Credit Card Payments Like a Boss - 3. Pay On the Same Day Every Month." Equifax. "What Is a Charge-Off?" FICO. "How Credit Actions Impact FICO® Scores." Library of Congress. "Amending the Consumer Credit Protection Act, to Ban Abusive Credit Practices, Enhance Consumer Disclosures, Protect Underage Consumers, and for Other Purposes," Pages 4-5. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. 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