Banking Banking Basics What Is a Tanda? Tandas Explained in Less Than 5 Minutes By Brian Edmondson Brian Edmondson Brian Edmondson is a banking and online business specialist with two decades of experience working in the financial industry as an employee and an entrepreneur. Brian is the founder of the Bankruptcy Recovery Foundation, a regular contributor to Entrepreneur, and was a financial analyst and advisor at Merrill Lynch. learn about our editorial policies Updated on December 19, 2021 Reviewed by Ebony J. Howard Reviewed by Ebony J. Howard Ebony Howard is a certified public accountant and a QuickBooks ProAdvisor tax expert. She has been in the accounting, audit, and tax profession for more than 13 years, working with individuals and a variety of companies in the health care, banking, and accounting industries. learn about our financial review board In This Article View All In This Article Definition and Example of a Tanda How Do Tandas Work? Alternatives to Tandas Advantages and Disadvantages of Tandas Group of friends making a toast. Photo: SrdjanPav / Getty Images Definition A tanda is a rotating savings and credit association (ROSCA) formed by a group of people who know one another, for the purpose of helping each other save money for a larger goal, such as an interest-free loan or major purchase. The members of the group get together regularly to contribute an agreed-upon amount of money to a pool that is then given to one of the members. Definition and Example of a Tanda The word "tanda" comes from Mexico, where almost a third of the population takes part in a money-pooling group. It is a ROSCA for a group of people who know each other very well. The members of a tanda are most often friends or family members who can trust each other to add their share of the money every time, even after they've gotten their own payouts. As an example, 10 friends and family members may each agree to put in $100 a month for 10 months. Each member of the tanda would get $1,000 in one of those months. ROSCAs are more common in developing countries or among immigrant groups in more developed countries. Alternate names: A tanda goes by many names in different parts of the world, including cundina (in northern Mexico; tanda is more often used in central and southern Mexico), hui (Vietnam), paluwagan (Philippines), asusu (Benin), esusu (Liberia), and susu (Tobago). In India, there is also a version very close to the tanda called a chit fund. How Do Tandas Work? Members of the tanda agree on how much money they will all contribute, how often they will do so, and for how long. The order in which people are paid may be set up ahead of time, or they may all decide to choose a member to receive of the cash in a given week at random. For people who receive money early in the cycle, a tanda acts as a short-term, no-interest loan. For those who receive payouts in the middle of the cycle, it's a way to plan and save up for a large purchase. For those near the end of the cycle, it provides social pressure to keep setting aside money. Note Because tandas aren't subject to government regulation and in most cases are set up by an informal agreement, you don’t have much recourse if you don't get your full expected payout. Alternatives to Tandas If you want to save money and gain some of the perks of a tanda, but don't have access or don't feel it is for you, you can create a payout structure by using certain standard banking features. For instance, you can open a savings account at a bank and set up automatic transfers into it on paydays. Some banks, particularly online-only banks, pay 1% or more in interest annually. Note Many banks don't require a minimum amount of money to open a savings account, though you may need to reach a certain balance to get better perks, such as the highest interest rate. Made popular in the early 2010s by the now defunct EMoneyPool, online money circles or pooling services offer something like a tanda, but with extra safeguards in place that are standard for online commerce. Yahoo had an app called "tanda," which only lasted a few months, but others such as MoneyFellows and crowdfunding forums had more staying power. Each online money circle or money pool may function slightly differently, but at the most basic level they charge a small fee for a guarantee that if one of the people in your pool fails to keep up with their payments, the service will cover your payout. For example, MoneyFellows charges a fee of 6% for a slot in a circle with a five-month time frame. The fee lessens over time as you engage, and based on where you are in the payout schedule. If you can wait until the end of the payout schedule, you'll be charged the lowest fee. Advantages and Disadvantages of Tandas Pros Social benefit in helping friends and family Missed payments are rare Many online options with extra safeguards Cons Risk that you won't be paid May cause loss of trust among friends or family Online versions come with fees Pros Explained Social benefit of helping friends and family: One major perk of a tanda is the social aspect. Many people find that meeting each week or each month with their tanda group strengthens these existing relationships. A tanda can be an effective way for people to borrow money, without interest or fees, from people they trust and for friends and family members to help out a loved one in need.Missed payments are rare: In almost all tandas, it is very rare for people to miss a payment. This is because the social cost of not following through on your promise can be very strong. In a study of 130 ROSCAs, Arizona State University professor Carlos Vélez-Ibáñez found that the nonpayment rate was 0.005%.Online options offer extra safeguards: If you are worried about the lack of a guarantee that you'll receive a payout, online money circles are a way to participate in money-pooling groups, with greater protections in place than can be found in tandas. Cons Explained Risk that you won't be paid: Since tandas are not regulated and are based on social contracts, there is no legal recourse if the group members don't follow through on their payments. May cause lack of trust among friends or family: Perhaps the biggest factors to think about when joining a tanda is whether you trust the people in it, and how you manage these personal relationships. If you have never participated in a tanda before or are joining one with a new group of people who aren't close friends or relatives, it may be wise to start small. If you aren't able to keep up with the scheduled payments, you risk alienating people you care about. Online versions come with fees: If you prefer the safety of an online tanda or money circle, chances are that you will have to pay for it, at least for a few months. Key Takeaways A tanda is a rotating savings and credit association for a group of friends or relatives.The members of the group meet often to contribute a certain amount of money to a pool, which is then given to one of the members.Tandas offer early recipients the equivalent of an interest-free loan.Tandas also can be used by people who have a hard time saving money, to force themselves to set some aside.Tandas are more common in developing countries and go by many names around the world. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Tell us why! Other Submit Sources The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Fundary. "Tandas and the Informal Economy of Mexico." Accessed Nov. 8, 2021. The Global Development Research Center. "ROSCAs: What's in a Name?" Accessed Nov. 8, 2021. MassMutual. "Tanda, Hui, or Ayuuto? The Money Pool Way." Accessed Nov. 8, 2021. Money Club. "What is a Money Pool? How Does a Money Pool Work, and What Are its Benefits?" Accessed Nov. 8, 2021. Financial Gym. "Tanda and eMoneyPool: How a Savings Cohort Works and Where to Find Them." Accessed Nov. 8, 2021. MoneyFellows. "Trusted and Convenient Money Circles." Accessed Nov. 8, 2021. MoneyFellows. "FAQs." Accessed Nov. 8, 2021.