How Long Do You Have To Work To Collect Unemployment?

unemployed woman carrying a box of her things out of her former office.

Tom Grill / Getty Images

No one wants to find themselves on the unemployment line, even if that line is now mostly virtual. It's especially painful to wind up unemployed shortly after starting a new job, whether you left your last gig voluntarily or have been the victim of multiple layoffs or furloughs.

If you’ve recently lost your job—and haven’t been on the payroll for very long—you might be wondering whether you’re eligible for unemployment. While the rules vary by state, here are general guidelines for unemployment eligibility and information about how to find specifics for your case.

Key Takeaways

  • Unemployment insurance eligibility guidelines vary by state.
  • Most state unemployment insurance programs require beneficiaries to lose their jobs through no fault of their own. 
  • Other unemployment eligibility criteria include quarterly earnings thresholds, total earnings requirements, and minimum time worked.
  • Time-worked requirements include all eligible jobs and employers for the calendar year.

Unemployment Eligibility Guidelines

The emotional fallout can take some time to process, but your first priority is to make a plan to survive financially until you secure your next position. Among other things, that means figuring out whether you're eligible for unemployment insurance.

Unemployed workers must meet the state requirements for wages earned or time worked during a set period of time, referred to as a "base period." Your benefits will be calculated on your earnings during that time. The guidelines vary based on location.

State Unemployment Rules

Every state has its own rules on unemployment, including how long you have to work in order to be eligible, how long you can receive unemployment compensation, and how much money you'll get. 

Generally, to be eligible for unemployment, you need to meet the following requirements:

Not Have Been Terminated for Cause

To qualify, you must lose your job through no fault of your own. That usually means that you won't be eligible if you're fired, or you quit—but not always. For example, sometimes workers are fired because they're not a good fit, not because they were terminated for cause.

Have Quit for a Good Reason

If that's the case for you, you might still be eligible for unemployment. The same goes for some workers who quit because of reasons that make it nearly impossible not to quit, such as unsafe work conditions or lack of payment. (Note that a lot of very good reasons for quitting, such as having a bad boss, hating your job, and/or being bored at work, do not qualify as good cause under the law.)

Meet State Work Requirements

You must have been employed for the minimum amount of time required by your state and have worked the required number of hours per week and/or earned the minimum required compensation. Those requirements vary, so check with your state unemployment office for details.

State Eligibility Requirements

That last point is where it gets tricky because each state determines its own rules for unemployment eligibility. For example, these are New York's rules for unemployment eligibility, as of 2022:

  • You must have worked and been paid wages in jobs covered by unemployment insurance in at least two calendar quarters.
  • For claims filed in 2022, you must have been paid at least $2,900 in one calendar quarter.
  • The total wages paid to you must be at least 1.5 times the amount paid to you in your high quarter. 


Most other states have similar formulas to determine eligibility. To find out what your state requires, contact your state unemployment office.

Don't Assume You're Ineligible for Benefits

In many states, if you've worked over the required number of quarters during the last year, you'll be eligible for unemployment assistance. So, don't assume that you're excluded from getting help, even if you’ve only worked for your last employer for a brief period.

In fact, that's a good takeaway for all things related to unemployment: It never hurts to try for unemployment compensation. You might be surprised to discover that you qualify.


The bottom line is that when you're unemployed, you owe it to yourself to explore every avenue to give yourself some financial security while you make your next move.

You'll feel more secure if you're less worried about money, and it's easier to make good career decisions when you're not obsessing about paying your bills.

What You Need To File for Unemployment Benefits

To expedite your claim, it’s best to have all the relevant information and documents at hand before you file. While requirements vary by state, you may need some or all of the following in order to apply:

  • Your Social Security number.
  • Your driver's license, state ID, or motor vehicle ID card number.
  • Your mailing address.
  • Your telephone number.
  • The full company names and addresses of all employers that you worked for in the last two years.
  • The Employer Registration number or Federal Employer Identification Number (FEIN) of your most recent employer. (Check your W2 or 1099.)
  • If you were a federal employee, copies of forms SF8 and SF50 if you had federal employment within the last 18 months.
  • If you’re a service or ex-service member claiming benefits based on your military service, a copy of your most recent separation form DD-214.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What can disqualify you from unemployment benefits?

Although state guidelines vary, most unemployment insurance programs disqualify applicants who have been terminated for cause. However, even if you think you’re ineligible, it makes sense to apply anyway. If your former employer doesn’t contest the claim, you may receive benefits. 

How do I appeal an unemployment decision?

If your unemployment claim is denied but you think you’re eligible for benefits, you can usually appeal the decision through your state department of labor. Many state department of labor websites have an “Unemployment” tab or menu that will lead you to the correct page, portal, or email address. You’ll also find information about what kinds of documents to include in your appeal. 

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The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. U.S. Department of Labor. "State Unemployment Insurance Benefits."

  2. U.S. Department of Labor. "How Do I File for Unemployment Insurance?" 

  3. U.S. Department of Labor: eLaws Advisors. "WARN Advisor: Constructive Discharge." 

  4. New York State Department of Labor. "How Your Weekly Unemployment Benefit Payment Is Calculated, Page 2." 

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