Career Planning Succeeding at Work Pay & Getting a Raise How Overtime Pay is Calculated Overtime, time and a half, and double-time pay By Alison Doyle Alison Doyle Facebook Twitter Website Alison Doyle is one of the nation’s foremost career experts. learn about our editorial policies Updated on October 24, 2022 Sponsored by What's this? & In This Article View All In This Article Who Is Eligible for Overtime Pay? What Is Time and a Half Pay? When is Time and a Half Paid? What is Double-Time Pay? When Double Time Is Paid How Overtime Pay Is Calculated State Overtime Pay Laws Employees Not Entitled to Overtime Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Photo: Chemistry / Photographer's Choice / Getty Images Some employees are entitled to receive overtime pay when they work extra hours. These employees are generally termed “non-exempt”—which means that they’re not exempt from the overtime pay rules governed by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). “Exempt” employees are not subject to FLSA overtime regulations. Review information on when employees are eligible for overtime pay, federal and state overtime laws, employees who are exempt from overtime pay requirements, and how overtime pay is calculated. Key Takeaways Eligible employees covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) must receive overtime pay for every hour worked over 40 in a workweek at a rate not less than time and one-half their regular pay rates.In some locations, overtime pay rules are also governed by state and local law.Some categories of workers are covered by exceptions to overtime regulations and are not eligible to receive overtime pay. Who Is Eligible for Overtime Pay? Employees who are covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act are eligible to receive overtime pay of at least one and one-half times their regular rate of pay when they work over 40 hours in a workweek, with some exceptions. Eligibility for overtime pay is based on weekly earnings and hours worked. Overtime pay is calculated based on a 40-hour workweek, and overtime pay for eligible employees is required for any hours worked over those 40 hours. What Is Time and a Half Pay? Covered workers earning less than $684 per week, which is $35,568 per year, are guaranteed federal overtime protection effective January 1, 2020. There are exemptions for highly compensated employees who customarily and regularly perform any one or more of the exempt duties or responsibilities of an executive, administrative, or professional employee. There are also exemptions for some other occupations under federal law. When is Time and a Half Paid? According to the Department of Labor, employees covered by the FLSA must receive overtime pay for hours worked in excess of 40 in a workweek at a rate not less than time and one-half their regular rates of pay. What is Double-Time Pay? Double time is a rate of pay double the usual amount a person receives for normal hours worked. So, if your normal rate of pay was $15.00 an hour, double-time pay would be $30.00 per hour. Double time is sometimes paid for working on federal holidays or when hours worked exceed the normal workday. When Double Time Is Paid There are no federal laws that require an employer to pay double time for overtime worked. The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) has no requirement for double-time pay. However, state laws may provide for overtime or double time. For example, in California, double the employee's regular rate of pay must be paid for all hours worked in excess of 12 hours in any workday and for all hours worked in excess of eight on the seventh consecutive day of work in a workweek. Note Double time is most commonly an agreement between an employer and an employee (or the employee's representative). An agreement for double-time pay may also be itemized in a labor agreement or union contract. Check with your state department of labor for rules for your location. How Overtime Pay Is Calculated Overtime pay is not automatically awarded for work completed on Saturdays, Sundays, holidays, or regular days of rest unless hours worked on those days push the weekly total over 40 hours. All non-exempt employees who work over 40 hours during a workweek must be paid at a rate of at least one and one-half times (typically referred to as time and a half) the employee's regular hourly rate. So, a worker earning $10 per hour, who worked a 50-hour week, would be entitled to 10 overtime hours at $15 per hour. Note You can use the U.S. Department of Labor's Overtime Calculator to calculate how much overtime you will receive for a typical pay period. Overtime pay applies to non-exempt salaried employees as well as hourly employees. For example, a non-exempt salaried employee who is paid $600 per week would be guaranteed at least $22.50 per hour for each hour worked over 40 ($600/40 = 15 X 1.5 = $22.5 per overtime hour). Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, an employee's workweek is a "fixed and regularly recurring period of 168 hours—seven consecutive 24-hour periods." The workweek can start on any day or time as long as the hours are consistently calculated for that same period. Hours can't be averaged over a two or four-week pay period. The Act does permit employers to designate a different workweek for different classes of employees. Hospitals and residential care facilities are allowed to calculate overtime based on a period of 14 consecutive days instead of the otherwise required adherence to a seven-consecutive-day period. For example, a hospital employee might work 30 hours in week one of the period and 50 hours in week two of the period for a total of 80 hours. This worker would not be entitled to any overtime since she did not average more than 40 hours per week. Non-exempt employees can be paid on a weekly, bi-weekly, semi-monthly, or monthly basis, and overtime is normally paid during the period that it was earned. State Overtime Pay Laws In some cases, overtime pay rules are governed by state regulations in addition to the FLSA. In states where an employee is subject to both state and federal overtime laws, overtime is paid according to the standard that will provide the higher amount of pay. Check your state department of labor website for information on overtime pay requirements in your location. Employers must follow both federal and state laws to stay compliant. Employees Not Entitled to Overtime Some employees, known as exempt employees, are not entitled to overtime pay. The amount to be eligible for overtime pay may differ in locations where state laws regulate compensation for overtime. The rules under the Fair Labor Standards Act also have overtime exemptions for "highly compensated" employees who customarily and regularly perform any one or more of the exempt duties or responsibilities of an executive, administrative, or professional employee. Many other categories of workers are exempt from overtime pay, including taxicab drivers, truck drivers, salespeople, radio and television station employees in small markets, motion picture theater employees, sugar processing workers, and seamen. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) When are employees eligible for double-time pay? Federal law does not require double-time pay. Double time is typically an agreement between an employer and an employee. Some states have overtime laws, and if an employee works in a state that provides for double time, then the employee would be paid that rate. Is extra pay required for weekend work? The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not require extra pay for working on the weekend. Extra pay for weekend work is typically an arrangement between an employer and an employee. However, the employee is eligible for overtime if they work over 40 hours in a workweek. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Tell us why! Other Submit Sources The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. U.S. Department of Labor. Elaws. "Exemptions." U.S. Department of Labor. "Overtime." U.S. Department of Labor. "Overtime Pay." 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