Taxes Solving Tax Issues How To Request a Partial Payment Installment Agreement With the IRS Options are available if you can't pay your taxes in full By William Perez Updated on April 2, 2022 Reviewed by Eric Estevez In This Article View All In This Article How a PPIA Works Determine If You Qualify Don't Try To Go It Alone Determine How Much You Owe Completing Form 9465 Completing Form 433-A Reach Out to the IRS Make Your Payments Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) Photo: Tim Klein / The Stone / Getty Images The Internal Revenue Service offers a variety of options to taxpayers who can't immediately pay their taxes in full. A partial payment installment agreement (PPIA) is one of these options. Requesting a PPIA with the IRS is easier and less time-consuming than requesting an offer in compromise, but it still requires attention to detail and you have to know the rules. Key Takeaways If you can't pay your taxes due at the time of filing, you can request a partial payment installment agreement (PPIA).Before you request a PPIA from the IRS, you should be clear of any back taxes and know how much you owe in the current year. You may want to secure professional help when submitting Form 9465 since it requires you to pose a payment offer.If your PPIA is approved, there are a range of methods to make payments to help you stay on top of your tax debt. How a Partial Payment Agreement Works A PPIA is a contract between you and the IRS. Entering into a partial payment installment agreement requires that you make regular monthly payments to the IRS over a period of time, but you won't have to pay off your entire tax debt. Any balance that remains at the close of the term of the installment agreement is forgiven. Note The repayment period for a PPIA can be longer than other IRS installment agreement options. You must have filed all your tax returns before the IRS can approve your partial payment installment agreement, and you must be current on your income tax withholding or estimated tax payments. You'll have to pay any other back taxes you might owe before requesting a PPIA for the current amount due, and you'll have to file all future returns on time and promptly pay any taxes due on those returns. Note The IRS will still file a Notice of Lien against you for the amount you owe, so it has an option to collect from you if you default on the terms of your agreement. The IRS can re-evaluate the amount of your monthly payments every two years. Determine If You Qualify The IRS has some rules for qualifying for a PPIA. You must owe the IRS at least $10,000 to become eligible for this option, but this figure includes interest and penalties in addition to your original tax debt. You can't be in bankruptcy, nor can you ever have had an offer in compromise accepted by the IRS. Any assets you own will play a pivotal role in whether you're approved. You must be unable to liquidate them for some reason, or perhaps their equity isn't sufficient to cover your IRS debt if you were to liquidate them. Nor is the equity sufficient for you to borrow money using them as collateral. Note Other exceptions for the forced sale of assets include that selling them would create a financial hardship or that your spouse jointly owns these assets and is unwilling to liquidate them. Your spouse can't also be liable for the tax debt in question in this case. Don't Try To Go It Alone The PPIA process isn't prohibitively challenging, but you should still consider consulting with a tax professional who has experience in handling tax debts. It's important that you understand all your options, and you might need help with negotiating the best possible monthly payment with the IRS. Note The tax professional you choose should know about the laws governing IRS collection of tax debts and how the IRS evaluates installment agreements. Determine How Much You Owe Pin down exactly how much you owe in unpaid taxes before you approach the IRS. You can call the IRS or get copies of your tax returns or transcripts online to verify the total amount, but brace yourself. Remember, this total will include your original tax due and any penalties and interest that have accumulated on your unpaid balance as well. Completing Form 9465 Fill out Form 9465, the Installment Agreement Request. Your tax professional can help you calculate a reasonable and acceptable monthly payment amount to propose to the IRS. It's up to you to tell the IRS how much you can afford to pay, and this form helps you do that. Note The IRS won't review your request and then tell you how much it expects you to pay each month. The amount is open to negotiation. In addition to your outstanding tax debt balance, you'll also need to know the remaining statute of limitation the IRS has on collecting that debt, as well as the reasonable collection potential over that remaining statutory period. It's a rather complex equation, but an experienced tax professional can help you figure it out. Completing Form 433-A Form 433-A is the Collection Information Statement that's used for both partial payment installment agreements and for offers in compromise. Both programs use the same basic information, so this is a good opportunity for you to find out which tax debt strategy is best for you. Note You must attach three months' backup documentation for all income and expenses that you report on this form and submit it with Form 9465. Reach Out to the IRS Write a letter to the IRS stating your request for a partial payment installment agreement and submit your written request along with Forms 9465 and 433-A. Send it to the IRS revenue officer handling your case, to the Automated Collection System unit, or to your nearest IRS Service Center. The IRS will respond to your request within about 30 days. It might also request additional information about any assets you own that you could possibly liquidate to pay off your tax debt. You might be required to borrow against any equity you have in assets if this is possible. Make Your Payments Be sure to make your payments each and every month if the IRS approves your request for a PPIA. You can pay by check, money order, credit card, EFTPS, IRS Direct Pay, or by automatic withdrawal from your checking account. It's usually safest to use EFTPS, Direct Pay, or to pay by automatic withdrawal. Checks mailed to the IRS Service Center can sometimes get lost. Using electronic payment options will reduce the chance of clerical errors, and you should receive immediate confirmation that the IRS has received your payment. Direct Pay is very easy to use. A drop-down menu allows you to choose what type of payment you're making—in this case, a payment on an installment agreement—then enter some information from any one of your previously filed tax returns to confirm your identity. Enter your bank account information, and you're done. Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) What happens if I miss an installment payment? The IRS offers a 30-day grace period before they cancel your installment plan. If you can't pay in this time, you are considered in default and your contract will be terminated. Any remaining tax debt you owe will continue in the status it was before the PPIA, including relevant interest charges and fees. Will a PPIA affect my credit score? No, installment agreements from the IRS are not loans and are not included in credit reports to the major credit bureaus. Was this page helpful? Thanks for your feedback! Tell us why! Other Submit Sources The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy. Tax Resolution Institute. "Partial Pay Installment Agreements." HG.org Legal Resources. "How To Choose the Correct IRS Installment Agreement." Anderson Tax Law. "IRS Installment Agreements and Non-Collectible Status Arrangements." Internal Revenue Service. "Partial Payment Installment Agreements and the Collection Statute Expiration Date (CSED)." Experian. "Do Taxes Affect My Credit Score?"