Labor Shortage Spurs Record-Setting Raises for Workers

Average pay rose the fastest in at least 20 years, according to a new report

Smiling man takes a picture with his smart phone of a check or paycheck for digital electronic deposit

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It’s nice to feel wanted: The shortage of workers has employers fattening paychecks these days at the fastest rate in at least 20 years, according to a new report.

Average wages and salaries for all civilian workers rose 1.5% in the three-month period ending in September—the highest quarterly jump since the Bureau of Labor Statistics began keeping track with its current methodology in 2001, according to the bureau’s latest report on employment costs, released Friday. Combined with previous pay increases, wages were 4.2% higher than they were the same time last September, also the highest since 2001.

The rising wages reflect the desperation of employers to fill a near record number of open positions amid a persistent labor shortage created by the pandemic. Discount retailer Costco, for example, is reportedly hiking its pay for the second time this year, bringing its minimum wage to $17 an hour. Those bigger paychecks aren’t as sweet as they might be, however, since inflation is eating into their value. Wages rose faster than prices in September and August, but not enough to make up for prices increasing faster than wages earlier in the year, according to the bureau’s report on “real earnings” earlier this month.

“Workers hold a degree of bargaining power unseen in decades,” said Sarah House, senior economist at Wells Fargo Securities, in a commentary. The report “will fan fears that rising labor costs, a particularly sticky part of business costs, could lead to an upward spiral in inflation. However, we expect to see a more convincing pickup in the labor supply next spring when workers' child care and health concerns are more settled and the financial needs to work are stronger.”

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The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Employment Cost Index Summary.” Accessed Oct. 29, 2021.

  2. Federal Reserve Economic Research. “Employment Cost Index.”  Accessed Oct. 29, 2021.

  3. Bureau of Labor Statistics. “Table A-1. Current And Real (Constant 1982-1984 Dollars) Earnings For All Employees On Private Nonfarm Payrolls, Seasonally Adjusted.” Accessed Oct. 29, 2021.

  4. Wells Fargo. “Record-High Rise in Q3 Employment Costs Shows Inflation Pressure Broadening.” Accessed Oct. 29, 2021.

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