The Balance Today: News You Need To Know on Dec. 30, 2022

Investing To Build Wealth in 2023 and Beyond

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Looking Back on 2022

Your retirement account might have been hammered by market volatility in 2022, especially if it was heavily invested in stocks, as higher inflation, interest rates, and recession worries took a bite out of the average retirement portfolio. 

While it’s often scary to invest new money, and it may be tempting to dump your investments when markets sour, experts caution that’s typically a bad move. Investing often helps build wealth, and you could miss out on gains when the market recovers.

Historically, bear markets have lasted about a year or less, and losses were about 36%. But bull market runs, which follow bear markets, have lasted an average of 3.8 years, and have seen total gains averaging around 112%. This is likely not the first bear market your portfolio has seen, and it probably won’t be the last.

If you’re wondering what to do differently going into 2023, start by taking inventory. Are you more heavily invested in one sector or company than others? For example, higher interest rates impact tech and growth stocks more than other kinds of stocks. Higher interest rates eat into future growth for companies, so when they experience aggressive growth very quickly (like tech companies), higher rates tend to have a bigger, more negative impact

Consider diversifying your portfolio by looking at index funds or exchange-traded funds (ETFs) to reduce your risk. If you do this, your overall portfolio will be better able to handle losses. And in a few years when the markets are surging, you’ll probably be glad you didn’t pull back from investing.

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The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Hartford Funds. "10 Things You Should Know About Bear Markets."

  2. CenterPoint by Clear Street. "The Ultimate Guide to Bull Markets."

  3. Fidelity. "What’s Next for Tech?"

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