Why Is Estate Planning Important?

older person in pink and white shirt writing something down

 shapecharge / Getty Images

Creating an estate plan often brings up visions of the ultra-wealthy battling over inheritances and business interests. But in reality, every adult needs a solid plan in place as to what should happen to their children and assets after they die. 

No matter what your current financial situation may be, using the right estate planning tools makes a huge difference in making sure your final wishes are met. A solid plan can also make life (and taxes) much easier for the people you care most about. In this article, learn all of the reasons why estate planning is important not just for you and your assets, but for those loved ones you leave behind when you die. 

Key Takeaways

  • Estate planning is the organization of your personal and financial affairs to deal with the possibility of mental incapacity or death, which in turn protects your beneficiaries, including minor children.
  • An estate plan ensures your assets are distributed to the specific people you wish, rather than those prioritized by state law.
  • You can preserve the value of your assets by using resources that minimize estate taxes.
  • By having clear instructions in place after your passing, you can eliminate financial stress and arguments for your family and loved ones. 

Estate Planning Protects Beneficiaries

Estate planning is the process of organizing your personal and financial affairs to deal with the possibility of future mental incapacity or death. One of the key elements of estate planning is leaving your heirs with easy access to the assets you wish to pass on to them. 

There are a number of estate planning tools and resources you can use depending on your financial situation. A life insurance policy, for instance, quickly provides your beneficiary with a death benefit after you pass away (and they file a claim). The proceeds of a policy can help cover things like final expenses, mortgage payments, and future college tuition for kids or grandkids.


It’s also important to name a beneficiary for all of your financial accounts. This can include checking and savings accounts, retirement plans, and taxable investment accounts. When you name a beneficiary (or more than one), the remaining funds will go directly to your chosen beneficiary without having to go through the court system when you die.

Prioritizing a Guardian for Minor Children

Creating a strong estate plan includes naming a guardian for children who are under 18 years old. If you have children and don’t complete this task, the court will be in charge of choosing a guardian for your kids. In the short term, your child may not have someone you know to stay with. 

“The minor child might be with Child Protective Services in a temporary foster care situation and they may stay there until a more permanent guardian is found,” said Meredith Hill, owner and principal attorney at The Hill Law Group in Bethesda, Maryland. 

In this case, a circuit court judge within the state in which the child lives then appoints a guardian for the child. According to Hill, it’s better to name a guardian to be in control of your child’s future, even if you’re not entirely sure whom to choose. 

Estate Planning Protects Your Assets

Without a will and other estate planning resources in place, your assets will be distributed based on the law of the state where you live. Each state has its own set of laws. Generally, though, the recipients of your assets are your spouse and your bloodline, but things can quickly become complicated. 

In Virginia, for instance, the first priority of distribution gives one-third of an individual’s assets to their surviving spouse, and the remaining two-thirds is divided evenly among any children and the children’s descendants. But if you want all of your assets to go to your spouse so they can comfortably retire, you would need to clarify those wishes in a will. 


Additionally, you may not agree with your assets going to your closest blood relative, which is the case in many states if you do not have a spouse or children. Hill, for instance, works with many clients who prefer to leave their estate to close friends. 

Going Through Probate

When planning your estate, consider the probate process, especially if you want your beneficiaries to quickly access your assets. Not all states require probate, and it can be a very complicated process. The state of New York, for instance, does not require any accounts with named beneficiaries to go through the probate process, including life insurance and retirement accounts.


The probate process can take a long time to finalize and can be even more complex if the deceased does not leave a will behind. The more complex or contested the estate is, the more time it will take to settle and distribute the assets. 

The probate process can also be very costly, especially if it takes a long time to settle the estate. It includes appraisal costs, executor’s fees, legal and accounting fees, and more, often totaling anywhere from 4% to 7% of the total estate value. And if someone contests the will, there could be thousands of dollars of litigation costs.

An Estate Plan Can Provide Tax Relief 

The federal government charges an estate tax once your estate is valued at a certain amount. 

In 2022, you are required to file an estate tax if the estate exceeds $12.06 million. If your assets will likely be above that limit, you might consider some advanced estate planning strategies to reduce the impact of taxes. 

An irrevocable trust—a special trust that serves as both owner and beneficiary of one or more life insurance policies—for instance, is not subject to estate taxes. You can’t change the contents or the beneficiary once it’s finalized, but you can ensure that the trust is excluded when your estate is calculated.

You can also make lifetime gifts as part of your estate planning, which are not included as part of your taxable estate. In 2022, each individual may make an annual gift to another person of up to $16,000 without paying any taxes. This could be an effective way to spend down your assets later in life by making annual gifts to children, siblings, or friends.

Estate Plans Simplify Things for Your Family

Without a will and other directives in place when you die, you may inadvertently stir up hard conversations between family members. And it’s not always about money. 

“There are a lot of emotions involved,” Hill said of the estate planning process. “Families may fight over small items and can go to court over it, even common items with sentimental value.” 

Hill advises individuals to write down specific handling of assets to avoid unnecessary drama after they pass away. 

This is especially important with blended families, which may include ex-spouses, new spouses, biological children, and stepchildren. Since each state has its own process for determining heirs, not having a will may cause you to unwittingly exclude someone you care about who isn’t a blood relative or include relatives you don’t actually want to inherit anything. 

The same holds true if you have a life partner but are not married. If that person is not listed as your beneficiary, your assets are likely to be distributed to your closest relation instead. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Why is an LLC an important part of estate planning for some families?

A family that has its own business can transfer assets through an LLC to avoid gift taxes and reduce the estate size. There are several LLC taxation options to choose from, including single member, multi-member, and corporations. 

What are the documents needed for estate planning?

The most common estate planning document is a last will and testament. It outlines your final wishes, such as how to disburse your assets after your death and who should care for your minor children or other dependents. In other cases, such as with trust-based estate planning, you may need a revocable living trust, advance medical directive, or financial power of attorney.

Want to read more content like this? Sign up for The Balance’s newsletter for daily insights, analysis, and financial tips, all delivered straight to your inbox every morning!

Was this page helpful?
The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Mass.gov. “Life Insurance Basics.”

  2. California Courts. “Wills, Estates, and Probate.”

  3. State of California Department of Justice. “Estate Planning—Wills and Trusts.”

  4. Code of Virginia. “Course of Descents Generally.”

  5. New York City Bar. “Probate Proceeding."

  6. The Superior Court of California, County of Santa Clara. “How to Probate a Decedent's Estate.”

  7. IRS. “Estate Tax.”

  8. IRS. “Frequently Asked Questions on Estate Taxes.”

  9. IRS. “Frequently Asked Questions on Gift Taxes.”

Related Articles