Pros and Cons of Buying a House in Foreclosure

A foreclosure might save you money, but there are risks to consider.

Family on porch looking up at house for sale

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Foreclosed properties can offer significant savings for homebuyers. But savings aren’t all these properties offer. Foreclosures can also be smart options for investors—particularly those looking to fix up properties and sell them for a profit.  

It’s important to remember, though, that foreclosures aren’t without drawbacks. If you’re considering buying one, make sure you understand the full range of risks and rewards before moving forward.

Key Takeaways

  • Buying a foreclosed property can be a cheaper and faster way to invest in real estate.
  • You will not likely be able to inspect a home under foreclosure prior to buying it, and it may need serious repairs.
  • The market for foreclosures is competitive, and you'll need cash upfront to use at auction.

What Happens During a Foreclosure?

When a homeowner fails to repay their mortgage as agreed, the lender will seize the property and attempt to sell it to recoup its losses. The exact process for foreclosure depends on the state the house is located in, but in some cases local courts may be involved.


Foreclosure typically starts anywhere from three to six months after the homeowner’s first missed payment. 

Reasons for Foreclosure

Homeowners fall into foreclosure for various reasons. One of the most common is job or wage loss. According to a survey of homeowners facing foreclosure, 54% of respondents attributed their home’s foreclosure to a reduction of income or unemployment.

For example, in August 2020, 5,599 properties in the U.S. began the foreclosure process, just four months after unemployment hit its peak in April. While this number was up 24% over July, it was still down 80% from August 2019. That may be due to the protections put in place for homeowners who were in financial trouble during the pandemic.

Other reasons homeowners fall behind on their mortgages include illness, excessive financial obligations or debts, and marital problems. The majority of homeowners in foreclosure may fall into the low- to moderate-income category, too, which may make a job loss or income reduction that much more troubling.

Pros and Cons of Buying a Foreclosure

  • Lower price.

  • Faster closing process.

  • Potential investment opportunity.

  • You might not see or inspect the home before buying.

  • The property may need several repairs.

  • Competitive market.

  • You might need a large amount of cash.

Pros Explained

Lower Price

“The obvious pro of buying a foreclosure is the price,” real estate agent Yawar Charlie told The Balance. “Generally speaking, foreclosures are properties that are offered below market value.”

It’s true: Foreclosures can offer serious savings. The Balance received information from real estate data aggregator ATTOM Data Solutions showing that the average price of a foreclosed home over the last five years has ranged from about $93,000 to $166,000. That’s well below the annual national average for each of those years.

Faster Closing Process

Michael Gevurtz, CEO of Bluebird Lending, told The Balance that foreclosures are typically quick transactions, taking about 30 days, on average, from start to finish. That’s compared with 54 days, the average time to close in October 2020, according to Ellie Mae. 

Potential Investment Opportunity

Buying a foreclosure and then rehabilitating it can allow you to increase the home’s value and gain immediate equity. If you’re an investor looking to fix and flip the home, that can mean a solid return on your investment, especially with the right upgrades.


If you’re looking to live in the home for a while, a foreclosed property could also mean more in profits when you decide to sell later. In 2019, home sellers realized an average profit of 34% on their initial investment.

Cons Explained

You Might Not See or Inspect the Home Before Buying

Most foreclosures are sold on an “as-is” basis, meaning that what you get is what you get. You might not be able to tour a property or have it professionally inspected before submitting your bid, which could be a dealbreaker for some buyers.

“Typically, you don’t have access to the inside of a property before buying it,” Gevurtz said. “They can only be seen via a drive-by or looking inside ground-floor windows.” 

The Property Might Need Several Repairs

Foreclosures often need serious work, due to long periods of vacancy, the previous homeowner’s failure to maintain the home, or even damage by the last occupant.

“The property may have been left in disrepair, and the seller might have taken not only the appliances, but basic fixtures for some of the systems,” Charlie said. “Anyone who buys the house will have to make those repairs and adjustments on their own dime after the close of escrow.”


Before buying a foreclosed home, make sure you have the money in your budget to make those potential needed repairs. A 2020 survey of real estate investors by found that budgeting at least 10% to 20% of the purchase price for rehab is the norm in a foreclosure sale.

Competitive Market

According to Gevurtz, there are lots of people vying for foreclosures, so it might be hard to snag one right away. “It’s a very competitive market, which means inventory can go quickly,” he said. With many auctions going online due to the pandemic, this is now truer than ever. Two-thirds of investors say the availability of online or remote bidding increases their interest in a property.

Foreclosure moratoriums and mortgage relief efforts during 2020 have also limited the number of foreclosed properties hitting the market, fueling even more competition.

You May Need a Large Amount of Cash

Rehab costs aside, you may also need a good amount of cash upfront—especially if you’re buying the foreclosure at auction. In many cases, cash bids are required at these events. However, if you’re not bidding on a foreclosed home at an auction and have good credit, you may still be able to finance it. 

The Bottom Line

Foreclosures come with some definite benefits, including serious potential savings. But there are also quite a few risks to consider. If you do choose to buy one, consider the potential repair costs it might come with, and research what you can about the property before moving forward. If you can’t tour or inspect the home, driving by the property and reviewing property records may be good options. 

Finally, make sure you have a reputable real estate agent or real estate attorney on your side. They can help walk you through the process and ensure that you’re protected as much as possible.

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The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. "Foreclosure Process."

  2. Homeownership Preservation Foundation. "Preserving the American Dream."

  3. ATTOM Data Solutions. "U.S. Properties With Foreclosure Filings See A Slight Uptick As Coronavirus Pandemic Continues."

  4. Ellie Mae. "October 2020 - Origination Insight Report."

  5. ATTOM Data Solutions. "Average U.S. Home Seller Profits Hit $65,500 In 2019, Another New High."

  6. "Q2 2020 Foreclosure Buyer Insights."

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