What Does "Annual Income" Mean When Applying for a Credit Card?

A credit card application
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When you apply for a new credit card, there are pieces of information that you have to disclose. One of the most important is annual income. However, that concept is a bit more complicated than its name may lead you to believe.

Why Disclose Your Income?

In 2009, the Credit Card Accountability Responsibility and Disclosure Act of 2009 (CARD) was passed to protect consumers from predatory credit card practices. One of the provisions of the CARD Act was to institute income requirements to get a credit card.

No particular income level was specified, but each individual merchant or credit card company had to verify that the applicant could meet the minimum monthly payment.

Companies could ask for a pay stub or W-2 to verify annual gross and net incomes. Most credit card applications ask for annual net income.

Annual Net Income

When you put the words “annual net income” together, the number you put on your credit card application isn’t quite as straightforward as it sounds. Annual net income is the amount of money you make in a year after all deductions and taxes are subtracted.

What do the parts of "annual net income" mean?

  1. Annual: The definition of “annual” is “yearly.” On a credit card application, you report the amount of income you receive on a yearly basis. If you are an employee who works on a salary, it’s easy to do. You report the amount of salary you receive each year. If you work for hourly wages, it’s a little more complicated, however. Using your calculator or computer, multiply your hourly rate by the number of hours you work in a week. Multiply your answer by 52 weeks in a year, and you will have approximately your annual salary. For example, if you earn $8.00 per hour and work 30 hours per week, you have $240. Multiplied by 52 weeks, that comes to $12,480. If you are self-employed, you'd use the income that you allocated to the year under the cash or accrual accounting basis.
  2. Net: Net is your take-home pay. This is how much you take home and either cash or deposit in your bank after all deductions are taken out by your place of employment. Usual deductions are federal and state taxes. Local taxes are deducted as well, which may mean county, city, and potentially school taxes, depending on where you live. There are also deductions for Medicare and Social Security. You may have deductions for savings plans, including retirement savings like a 401(k). There may even be a deduction for health insurance. If you are self-employed, you would deduct the expenses necessary for the income generated and any include tax deductions allowed under self-employed status.
  3. Income: Income is one of the most important parts of the approval process for a credit card application. Only your credit score is more important. Not only is income critical for approval, but it is also essential for determining your credit limit. Income is not just your salary or the total of your hourly wages. It can include other items. You should make your income as high as you legally can on your credit card application. An amendment to the CARD Act of 2009 broadened the definition of income for credit card applicants.

Annual gross income is your income before anything is deducted. Credit card companies usually prefer to ask for net income, because that is what you have available with which to make your monthly payment. Some companies may ask for annual gross income.

What Qualifies As Income?

The definition of income varies by age. For anyone over 21 years of age, income can be:

  • Personal income
  • Income from a spouse or partner
  • Trust fund distributions
  • Social Security distributions
  • Retirement fund distributions
  • Scholarships and grants
  • Allowances and gifts

For anyone between ages 18 and 20, income can be:

  • Personal income
  • Allowances that can be verified by tax returns or other documents
  • Scholarships and grants


Student loans are not income. They are debt.

Some credit card companies allow you to include income that can be variable, such as military allowances. That income could stop and start.

Income from investments in stock and rental property is also variable. Stock dividends may rise or fall, for example. With a rental property, you may have your property fully rented or not.

Royalty income in oil and gas, for example, is very uncertain, but some banks allow it to be included. The same is true for royalty income in areas like music or book publishing. People who work as freelancers tend to have very uncertain incomes, but banks often approve them.

Even stay-at-home parents can get a credit card if they report shared income from a working spouse or partner.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

What could happen if I'm not honest about my annual income on a credit card application?

Don’t be tempted to lie about your annual net income on a credit card application. That's considered credit card fraud, and it could cost you up to $1 million in fines and 30 years in prison.

Does child support count toward my annual income?

You can count child support, just as you can count alimony or spousal support. It's money coming into your household.

Is there a minimum annual income to qualify for a credit card?

There's no carved-in-stone income that you must reach, but the more you have, the better. It will most likely earn you higher credit limits and other favorable terms. One important factor is that your income should be steady and reliable. The CARD Act requires credit card lenders to consider your ability to make at least minimum payments when extending you credit. This includes consideration of not only your income, but your assets and obligations as well.

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The Balance uses only high-quality sources, including peer-reviewed studies, to support the facts within our articles. Read our editorial process to learn more about how we fact-check and keep our content accurate, reliable, and trustworthy.
  1. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. “CARD Act Report,” Pages 12, 48-49.

  2. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. “The CFPB Amends Card Act Rule to Make It Easier for Stay-at-Home Spouses and Partners to Get Credit Cards.”

  3. Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. "FDIC Law, Regulations, Related Acts."

  4. Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. "§ 1026.51 Ability to Pay."

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